The five pillars or obligations of Islam

According to Ibn ‘Umar, the Messenger of Allah :

« Islam is built on five pillars or bonds: Shahada (or profession of faith) attesting that there is no divinity except God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God; The practice of prayer; The payment of zakat (obligatory tithe); The pilgrimage and fasting of Ramadan. »


  1. The profession of faith : The profession of faith (Chahada) means the declaration in Arabic “‘Ach-hadou’ al-la ‘ilaha’ illallah, wa ‘ach-hadou’ anna Muhammadar-Raçulullah”. We must therefore bear witness “that there is no god but God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God”.
  2. Prayer : All Muslims must fulfill the 5 compulsory prayers of the day. They make it possible to recharge, to praise God, by reciting suras of the Koran, by making invocations…
  3. The Zakat : In Arabic, this term means increase and, by extension, purification of wealth. Any Muslim who has the means to do so must give part of his possessions to the poor of the community. This institution aims to purify the soul of the believer from avarice, greed, covetousness and cultivate in it the spirit of sharing and sacrifice.
  4. The young : During a lunar month, from dawn to dusk, the Muslim must abstain from eating and drinking. At every moment, during the fast, he represses his passions and his desires. It is a way for the Muslim to purify himself and gain God’s forgiveness. This fast is held every year during the ninth month of the lunar year, the month of Ramadan.
  5. The Pilgrimage to Mecca : Each Muslim must perform the pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca once in his life, if it is economically and physically possible. It is composed of rituals. Millions of believers every year come from all walks of life, from geography and culture to celebrate their worship of God.

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